The protection of children in Latin America

The Information System Early Childhood in Latin America (SIPI) presented a report which analyzes the strategies (policies) national force in Latin American countries for the protection of the rights of children.

La protección de la infancia en Latinoamérica.
La protección de la infancia en Latinoamérica.

With the name "National protection for children's rights strategies: a view from the entirety", was introduced to the study by the SIPI, under the "Itineraries (Hot 05) series. The paper proposes a first approach to national strategies for the protection of the rights of children that are in force in the countries of Latin America. It also explores how these national policies and plans reflect the comprehensive approach to child protection grounded in the International Convention on the Rights of the Child.
This is the fifth production of the Routes series. It was made in March 2014 and published in the Educational Information System Trends in Latin America (SITEAL).

The SIPI is an initiative to develop UNESCO IIEP Buenos Aires and OEI (Organization of Iberoamerican States for Education, Science and Culture) through SITEAL project. Turning his gaze and analysis on the situation of children in Latin America, promotes the adoption of rights-based approach to early childhood and building systems Integral Protection of Rights and monitor compliance with the rights of young children in America. The project has the support of Arcor Foundation and UNICEF.


The fifth installment of the "Routes" series put the focus on four countries and their national strategies: Brazil 's National Plan for Early Childhood (PNPI); in Colombia , the National Strategy Zero to always; in Nicaragua, the National Policy on Early Childhood Love for the little ones and more little girls; and Panama, the Comprehensive Care Plan for Early Childhood (PAIPI).

To learn how national strategies are aligned to the fundamentals of integral protection of children, and particularly, the approach guides the process of shaping the institutional network for establishing Integral Systems Protection Rights of the Child, the methodology developed in the notebook SIPI "The focus of the first comprehensive protection of children in Latin America" was used.
Thus, questions were asked about the scope of national policies in relation to a number of dimensions. These are the shared responsibility between the state, the family and the community to ensure the fulfillment of children's rights; multidimensionality that reflects the principles of indivisibility and interdependence of rights and holistic view of child development; creating mechanisms for cooperation between actors and institutions involved in child welfare; the adequacy of national actions in local contexts; generation devices and monitoring and evaluation of policies for further improvement.

According to the report , at present, ten countries carry out actions aimed at protecting the rights of children: Argentina, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Paraguay, Peru and Venezuela; being eight strategies that drove targeted exclusively to early childhood: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Dominican Republic and Uruguay.


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